There are four principal types of resumes: chronological, networking, functional, and Internet. The chronological resume lists your experience in reverse chronological order.A networking resume is one page long and provides a way for the reader to get a quick picture of your experiences.A functional resume lists your experience by general types of activity (broad functional areas) with your job history at the end. An Internet resume is designed to be scored favorably in computerized screening, which gives highest grades to those that are filled with numbers,
acronyms, and key word phrases.
A chronological resume is preferable for most job seekers, but a functional resume may be appropriate if you’re changing careers, have a gap in your work history (such as making a career change or are a homemaker returning to the job market), have had weak recent experiences, or have changed jobs frequently. The “Troubleshooting”
section at the end of this chapter describes several people with unusual backgrounds who found they did best with a specially designed resume that presented themselves most effectively.
Both chronological and functional resumes can be deliberately designed as scannable resumes, which are required to apply for jobs on the Internet or at large companies that get many applicants for technical and/or lower-level jobs. In scanning, the resumes are read and graded by computer, a process that takes as little as three seconds
per resume. Sometimes the resume is automatically transposed into the recruiter’s own format for easy evaluation. Those scored highest by the computer are then screened by hand. The use of scanning is expanding rapidly because it allows recruiters to screen large pools of candidates quickly. Resumes with many numbers, acronyms,
short phrases, and technical terms have the best chance of being scanned favorably.